You will need to have a licence
If you would like to practice as a nurse in Sweden, you will need a Swedish licence. The title of nurse is protected by law. In other words, you may refer to yourself as a nurse only if you have a licence.
To obtain a licence, you must have completed a post-secondary nursing programme. If you were educated as a specialist nurse, you may apply for permission to use a protected specialist nursing title, but you still have to obtain a licence as a nurse first.
If you do not have a Swedish personal identity number, residence permit or address
You may obtain a licence even if you do not have a Swedish personal identity number, residence permit or address. In order to practice or go to school in Sweden, however, you will have to obtain a residence or work permit from the Swedish Migration Board, Migrationsverket.
If you have a licence in an EU or EEA country
If you were educated outside the EU and EEA, were awarded a licence in an EU or EEA country and practiced under that licence for at least three years, apply as if your education were in an EU or EEA country.
A brief look at licences
A licence is proof that a practitioner has the skills and qualifications that a profession requires. A total of 21 different healthcare professions demand licences in Sweden. To put it another way, those particular professions are regulated by law. A licence is permanent but may be revoked due to malpractice, gross incompetence or conviction for a serious criminal offence.